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8 Powerful Medicinal Uses of Jamun (Indian Blackberry) - Discover the Benefits of Syzygium Cumini!




Jamun- an underutilized fruit

You can see jamun flooding in summer markets ,so refreshing,  and succulent to see .Commonly known as Java plum or Indian blackberry,NaavarPazhamit goes by the botanical name Syzygiumcumini ,Eugenia jambolana and Myrtus cumini belonging to the myrtaceae family.


Several ancient ayurvedic texts even mention India as Jambudweep or a “land of Jambu” as there are a vast number of jamun trees growing in our nation.


It goes by kashaya (astringent ),amla (sour) and madhura (sweet ) in taste ,Laghu(Light ),ruksha (Dry ) in quality ,Sheeta (cold ) in potency ,katu (Pungent ) in resultant pacifies kapha and pittha dosha but increases vata doshas as per Ayurvedic  classical  references . Due to these actions on doshas, this fruit is helpful in controlling many health conditions and is available in the market in various formulations.


It has a special reference in Ramayana as fruit of gods as Lord Rama survived on this succulent fruit during his 14 years of exile.


Being an  excellent power house of of vitamin C, vitamin A, Calcium,Fibre, Glucose, Protein,Carbohydrates, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium and few Phytochemicals, this fruit is Diuretic, Anti- scorbutic and Carminative and is a rich source of Polyphenolic compounds.

As per charaka they are grouped under Mootrasangrahaneeya drugs (drugs which cause urine retention ) ,Purishavirajaneeya  (drugs which cause the normal retention of bowel colours),Chardhinigrahaneeyavarga ( Drugs which prevents nausea or vomiting )


As per Susrutha  and Vagbhata they are grouped under Nyagrodhadhivarga

Ayurveda strongly recommends this berry for treating various conditions related to heart, arthritis, asthma,  and digestive issues like stomach pain, bowel spasm, flatulence and dysentery. The diuretic effects of jamun flushes toxins out of the kidneys, while the high fibre content aids in digestion and prevents nausea and vomiting.


·      Being low in calories ,it matches for a perfect snack for diabetes patient and those who are on weight loss diet

·      With its fibre rich qualities ,it aids various digestive related disorders like constipation ,IBS  ,diarrhea etc.


·      Loaded with vitamin c – it helps to fasten the healing process of unhealed ulcers ,strengthens teeth and bones and acts  as a perfect immune booster .

·      Being rich in iron,it can help to tackle menstrual disorders ,purify blood and to tackle anaemia ,fatigue especially in teen agers

·      Packed  withbioactive phytochemicals including polyphenolic compounds and flavonoid it  is quite effective in  treating cancer, heart and liver ailments.

·      The sodium and potassium in jamun  mainly balance the electrolyte content in the body whereas calcium and magnesium are essential for healthy bones and teeth.


Range of health benefits of jamun

·      Magic fruit for diabetes

An anti-diabetic ingredient present in seeds of jamun ,calledjamboline and jambosine plays a pivotal role to reduce the rate of sugar release in bloodstream. It converts starch into energy and reduces the symptoms of diabetes such as frequent urination and thrusting.


Mode of usage

Jamun seeds are used in dosage of 1 to 2 grams thrice daily with warm water


·      Happy and healthy  heart

Individuals with heart diseases are often in the state of oxidative stress. Reduction in oxidative stress further reduces the risk of heart diseases. Jamun is laden with high amounts of potassium which is  extremely beneficial in keeping heart related ailments at a bay.  Regular consumption of Jamun prevents hardening of arteries which leads to atherosclerosis, reduces the various symptoms of high blood pressure thereby controlling hypertension and prevents strokes and cardiac arrests.


·      Weight  to go with jamun ….

Being low in calories ,it improves your digestion and help in minimizing water retention and fills your stomach so you do not crave more food.


·      Bye bye …bad breathe

Dried and powdered leaves of Jamun is  commonlyused as a tooth powder for strengthening teeth and gums. The astringent and anti bacterial  property of fruit and leaves makes it  highly effective against throat problems and in eliminating bad breath. The decoction of the bark can be used as a mouth wash or gargled regularly to prevent mouth ulceration and gingivitis.


·      Say hello to Radiant and glowing  Skin:

Can you believe This marvelous fruit can get rid of those sneaky  pimples, ageing wrinkles, acne, and blemishes.

Yes

Drinking Jamun juice regularly gives you a healthy, glowing skin because of its detoxifying and blood purificatory properties .The high index of Vitamin -C blesses you with a blemish free radiant skin.

Applying mask from dried powder of  fruitconsiderably reduces pimples, dark spots and pigmentation.

Applying  fresh jamun juice on your face act as a toner, it reduces the pores and controls sebum secretion .

·      Increased Hemoglobin Production

The abundance  presenceof Iron and vitamin C  makes it a natural remedy for anaemia and also provides relief from body weakness and fatigue.


Additional Benefits Of Jamun:

·      Aids In Digestion 

The excellent carminative and digestive  and anti flatulent properties of this incredible fruit reduces the formation of gas in the alimentary canal, thus reducing flatulence, constipation, bloating and abdominal distension.

 

For this, a handful fruits can be eaten and dry ginger  should also be taken with water after consuming the Jamun fruit to avoid digestive issues.


·      Chronic Colitis

Jamun fruits reduce the inflammation of the colon linings andits  astringent action reduces the frequency of bloody stools.


·      Shields Against non healing ulcers

The  strong anti-viral, anti-bacterial, antifungal properties of  jamun extracts is  used for treating and healing wounds.

 

·      Rectal Bleeding (Bleeding Diarrhea)

The astringent action of Jamun fruit reduces bleeding in the stools and reduces the frequency of loose stools.

In Ayurveda, it is advised to drink its juice in a dosage of 20 ml along with rose petal jam  forcoling effects

 

·      Cancer

Jamun reduces the incidence of the tumor as well as its  size. It also plays a protective role by inhibiting the action of free radicals and by combating oxidative stress.


The medicinal parts used in jamun is

·        Seeds (whole with seed coat and kernel)

·        Kernel

·        Fruit Pulp

·        Leaves

·        Stem Bark


Some highlights on uses of diffeternt parts of jamun


Medicinal Properties of Jamun Fruit

It acts as liver and digestive  stimulant ,has anti inflammatory .Its indicated in various conditions like Poor Appetite,Indigestion,Chroniccolitis,Rectal Bleeding (Bleeding Diarrhea),Cancer,LiverDisorders,Pharyngitis (inflammation of throat),Urethrorrhea (abnormal discharge from urethra),Splenopathy (diseases of spleen),Metrorrhagia,Anemia

·      Fights Respiratory Issues

Loaded with  powerful anti-inflammatory, anti-biotic, and anti-asthmatic properties, the fruit extract plays a essential role in treating the common cold, cough and flu symptoms and  eases breathing and helps the body to get rid of mucus.

·      Enhances Libido

Due to its strong aphrodisiac properties it stimulates the production of testosterones that can increase libido ,enhacing the quality of sperm .It can help in conditions like erectile dysfunction too

·      Peptic Ulcers

Taking jamun regularly can help to restore the mucousal lining of the stomach which is one of the major reason of peptic ulcer

 

Medicinal Properties of Jamun seeds and kernels

Jamun seeds acts as Astringent,Anti-diabetes and is indicated in  Glycosuria (Glucosuria), Peptic Ulcers, Hypercholesterolemia (High Cholesterol Level), Turbidity in urine, Urethrorrhea (abnormal discharge from urethra), Splenopathy (diseases of spleen).

 

Jamun Seed Kernel is  Indicated in  conditions like Chronic Diarrhea, Metrorrhagia & Menorrhagia, Acne Vulgaris, Pimples, Boils, Footulcers, Burning Feet Syndrome, Nocturnal Emission.


Jamun Churna for PCOD:

PCOD is one of the major reason for female infertility .Taking this fruit on a daily base can have a check on your weight gain and  diabetic level which is one of the attributing factor of pcod causing infertility

 

Jamun seed kernel benefits

 

·      Diarrhoea

1 spoon of dried jamun seed kernel along with mango seed kernel and hareetaki is the best cure for  diarrhea

 

·      Metrorrhagia & Menorrhagia

Jamun seed kernels along with Lotus Seed Kernels  and sugar are beneficial for reducing the heavy bleeding in women. 1 spoon of the above said mixture  with half glass of warm water or honey  twice daily after food can proove effective cure against Metrorrhagia

·      Acne Vulgaris

Scorching summer and loss of hydration can cause various disorders like  pimplesand boils.The seed paste  prepared with warm water and applied on the acnes for 30 minutes and repeated two times a day can help to cure the above

·      Burning Feet Syndrome

For complaints like diabetic neuropathy,burning pain in foot the kernel powder paste can be used for local application

·      Nocturnal Emission

Jamun kernel powder is also beneficial for nocturnal emission.

·      Non healing Foot Ulcers

Paste of  Jamun kernel powder can be applied on foot ulcers for speeding up the recovery and healing.


Medicinal properties of jamun leaves

It indicates  properties like Astringent,Antiemetic,Antihemorrhagic,Anti-diabetes and Antihyperglycemic and its indicated in clinical conditions like Nausea &Vomiting,Epistaxis (Nosebleed),Bleeding disorders,MouthUlcers,Dysentery,Leucorrhea,Stomachach,Diabetes mellitus type-2 and Pyorrhea (teeth and gum problems)


Benefits of leaves of jamun


·      Antimicrobial Properties

The phytochemicals  like flavonoids, glycosides, steroids, alkaloids, saponins, phenols and tannins present in Jamun leaves confer antimicrobial effects which have a natural ability to modify the body’s reaction to the virus and allergies .

The decoction is prepared using Jamun Leaf powder is used for gargling to treat mouth ulcers.

A  paste is made using water, Jamun Leaf powder and khadira  can be   applied on the mouth ulcers for quick relief.


·      Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Jamun leaf extract has been proven to be a part of DASH diet(DIETARY APPROACHES AGAINST HYPERTENSION) due to the presence of flavonoids and triterpene which possess significant vasodilatory effect that widens the blood vessels and ensures smooth blood flow throughout the body

Being rich in potassium it  further helps in the treatment of hypertension.

 

Medicinal properties of jamun tree bark

Jamun Bark acts as  Digestive,Astringent,Carminative (prevents flatulence,Anthelmintic (expels parasites out of the body),Antibacterial,Anti-dysentery and Mild Antihemorrhagic

Its indicated in clinical conditions like Diarrhea,Urinary tract infection,Pyorrhea,Diarrhea during pregnancy,Leucorrhea,Nausea& Vomiting (Jamun bark ash is used),Urticaria and Frequent Urination & Polyuria

·      Pyorrhea (Periodontitis)

Jamun tree bark due to  its anti inflammatory property can be used in management of pyorrhea as a mouth gargle .It also strengthens tooth enamel and prevents its erosion.

·      Nausea & Vomiting

 Daily intake of jamun bark ash (1-2 gms with 1 spoon of honey ) is used for nausea and vomiting.

·      Diarrhea during Pregnancy

The decoction of Jamun Bark along with Mango Tree Bark is beneficial in the management of diarrhea occurring during pregnancy.

·      Frequent Urination & Polyuria

Jamun bark powder along with LodhraChurna is used in polyuria and frequent urination.

·      Leucorrhea

The anti-inflammatory, astringent and antimicrobial effects of jamun tree bark  reduce the inflammation, discharge, foul smell, and infection from leucorrhoea 

·      Drinking juice of a ripe jamun fruit can be helpful in curing urine retention and spleenomegally (enlargement of spleen).

·      The juice is useful for treating fungal infections on the scalp.

·      Roots of the Jamun is helpful for treating epilepsy


Best Time to Eat Jamun & Drink Jamun Juice

On intake of jamun on empty stomach may aggravate vata dosha .so its best to take it during pittha kala (afternoon from 12:00 PM to 3:00 PM)


Ayurvedic medicines using jambu

·      Ushreerasava

·      Jambavasava

·      Musali khadiradikashayam

·      Pushyanugachoornam

·      Pancha pallava yoga

 

Safety profile

·      Jamun extract has a very high ability to lower blood sugar levels. Taking it along with anti-diabetic drugs may lower the blood sugar level and so may lead to hypoglycemia.

·      As jamun has a mild sour taste, it must not be consumed on empty stomach or after drinking milk or tea  as it might cause acidity.

·      Black pepper and  black salt can be added to the juice to prevent the side effects

 

 

 

·      Is jamun and blackberry same?

 

Jamun is Indian black berry  is a different species from black berry

 

·      How many jamuns can I eat in a day?

 

Its ideal to have 100-150 gms of jamun every day especially in its seasons

 

·      What is kala jamun called in English?

 

Its known as Indian black berry in English

 

·      Can You Eat Jamun During Pregnancy?

 

Yes you can but in moderation

 

·      Does Having Jamun Enhance Hair Health?

 

Yes.Jamun has anti bacterial and its anti oxidant properties helps in scalp health and its vitamin c helps in collagen production which plays a main role in hair health

 

·      Is Jamun Good For The Eyes?

 

With its presence of vitamin A and iron ,it proves beneficial for collgen formation in cornea

 

·      Is jamun good for the liver?

With the presence of alkaloids and anti oxidant properties ,it helps to prevent liver damage

 

·      What Other Forms Of Jamun Is Available In The Market?

Its available in form of juice ,tablets ,syrup ,juices and vinegar

 

·      What are the chemical constituents of jamun?

 

Jamun mainly contains polyphenols, flavonoids, phenolic, anti-inflammatory, anthocyanins, gallic acids, tannins, phenols, alkaloids, ellagic acid, glycoside, isoquercetin, kaempferol, myricetin, tannins, flavonols, flavone, and vitamins

 

·      What are the other names of jamun?

Jambolan ,black plum ,java plum ,Malabar plum ,portugese plum ,Jamaica ,Indian black berry

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